Qi Wang, Qiang Sun, Xiaoping Li, Zhefeng Wang, Haotian Zheng, Yanmei Ju, Ruijin Guo, Songlin Peng, Huijue Jia, Linking gut microbiome to bone mineral density: a shotgun metagenomic dataset from 361 elderly women, Gigabyte, 1, 2021 https://doi.org/10.46471/gigabyte.12
Bone mass loss contributes to the risk of bone fracture in the elderly. Many factors including age, obesity, estrogen and diet, are associated with bone mass loss. Mice studies suggested that the gut microbiome might affect the bone mass by regulating the immune system. However, there has been little evidence from human studies. Bone loss increases after menopause. Therefore, we have recruited 361 Chinese post-menopausal women to collect their fecal samples and metadata to conduct a metagenome-wide association study (MWAS) to investigate the influence of the gut microbiome on bone health. Gut microbiome sequencing data were produced using the BGISEQ-500 sequencer. Bone mineral density (BMD) was calculated using a Hologic dual energy X-ray machine, and body mass index (BMI) and age were also recorded. This collected data allows exploration of the gut microbial diversity and their links to bone mass loss as well as to microbial markers for bone mineral density. In addition, these data are potentially useful in studying the role that the gut microbiota might play in bone mass loss and in exploring the process of bone mass loss.